The 11F2 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with a framework epitope of the γ/δ TCR. The γ/δ TCR is a heterodimeric glycoprotein that is noncovalently associated with the CD3 antigen complex. The γ and δ TCR chains are composed of constant and variable regions, each encoded by distinct gene segments. The γ chain forms either disulfide-linked or non-disulfide-linked heterodimers with the δ-subunit. TCR γ/δ is present on a minor subset of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood, thymus, spleen, and lymph node. TCR γ/δ-positive T lymphocytes comprise 1% to 9% of normal peripheral blood lymphocytes and less than 2% of normal thymocytes. The 11F2 antibody is mitogenic for γ/δ-TCR-bearing T lymphocytes.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.