The V46-1954 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse CD304, also known as neuropilin 1 (Nrp1). It does not cross-react with neuropilin 2 (Nrp2). CD304 is a type-1 transmembrane protein that plays important roles in neuronal development, angiogenesis, and immunosuppression. Through interactions with plexins and VEGF receptors on neurons and endothelial cells, it is a co-receptor for the class III semaphorin subfamily and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), respectively. The ability of the S1 protein of SARS-CoV-2 virus to bind to Nrp1, a potential mechanism for cellular infection, is being investigated. In the immune system, CD304 is expressed on natural (thymus-derived) Treg cells and may be responsible for the unsuccessful immune regulation of tumor growth.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).