The V46-1954 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse CD304, also known as neuropilin 1 (Nrp1). It does not cross-react with neuropilin 2 (Nrp2). CD304 is a type-1 transmembrane protein that plays important roles in neuronal development, angiogenesis, and immunosuppression. Through interactions with plexins and VEGF receptors on neurons and endothelial cells, it is a co-receptor for the class III semaphorin subfamily and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), respectively. The ability of the S1 protein of SARS-CoV-2 virus to bind to Nrp1, a potential mechanism for cellular infection, is being investigated. In the immune system, CD304 is expressed on natural (thymus-derived) Treg cells and may be responsible for the unsuccessful immune regulation of tumor growth.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).