The 293C3 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD133 which is also known as Prominin-like protein 1 (PROML1), Prominin-1 (PROM1), hProminin, Hematopoietic stem cell antigen, Macular dystrophy retinal 2 (MCDR2), Stargardt disease 4 autosomal dominant (STGD4), or AC133 antigen. CD133 is an ~120 kDa five-transmembrane, glycoprotein that is encoded by PROM1 (Prominin 1) which belongs to the Prominin gene family. This single-chain, pentaspan transmembrane glycoprotein is comprised of an extracellular N-terminus with two short intracellular sequences and two long extracellular loops followed by an intracellular C-terminus. CD133 is expressed on some cells found in different tissues including the bone marrow, cord and peripheral blood, placenta, liver, pancreas, kidney, lung, retina, brain and heart. It is expressed on a variety of cell types including hematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells, neural stem cells, developing epithelial cells, precursor endothelial cells, and retinal cells. CD133 is expressed on some cancer cells found in leukemias, melanoma and retinoblastoma. It may serve as a cancer stem cell marker in a number of brain tumors, melanoma, colon cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and prostate cancer. A mutation in PROM1 has been associated with a form of human retinal degeneration. The 293C3 antibody recognizes a different epitope than the human CD133-specific W6B3C1 antibody.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).