The HM48-1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD48 (previously known as BCM1 in mice, Blast-1 in human, and OX-45 in the rat), a GPI-anchored member of the Ig superfamily. It is widely distributed on leukocytes, but not on non-hematopoietic cells, and its ligands include CD2 (LFA-2) and CD244 (2B4 antigen). The HM48-1 mAb blocks binding of soluble CD2 to CD48-bearing cells, blocks the interaction of CD2 and CD244, inhibits spleen cell proliferative responses to mitogens, augments the proliferative response of spleen cells when cross-linked with anti-CD3e mAbs, and inhibits priming of CTL in vitro. In vivo administration of HM48-1 antibody can prolong survival of cardiac allografts, an effect which is greatly enhanced by the addition of anti-CD2 mAb 12-15. This hamster mAb to a mouse leukocyte antigen does not cross-react with rat leukocytes.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ Red 718, which has been developed exclusively by for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor™ 700. BD Horizon™ Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor™ 700.