The 6H6 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the Interleukin-3 receptor alpha chain (IL-3Ra) which is also known as CD123. IL-3Ra (CD123) is a ~70 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by IL3RA (interleukin 3 receptor subunit alpha) which belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family within the immunoglobulin gene superfamily. This receptor chain consists of an extracellular region that contains an immunoglobulin-like N-terminal domain (NTD) with a fibronectin type III (FnIII) fold followed by two more FnIII domains that form the cytokine receptor module (CRM), a transmembrane region, and an intracellular tail. IL-3Ra (CD123) binds IL-3 specifically and with low affinity. IL-3Ra (CD123) forms a high-affinity signaling receptor for IL-3 (IL-3R) with the ß common chain (ßc; also known as, CD131) that is shared with the heterodimeric IL-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptors. IL-3Ra (CD123) is variably expressed on certain hematopoietic progenitor cells, basophils, eosinophils, mast cells, monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, megakaryocytes, and on some B cells, endothelial cells, and leukemia cells. Bound IL-3 can signal through IL-3R to promote the activation, proliferation, differentiation, and viability of these cells. Amongst monoclonal antibodies specific for human IL-3Ra (CD123), the 6H6 and 9F5 antibodies do not block IL-3 binding to the IL-3R whereas the 7G3 antibody does block IL-3 binding to its receptor in a dose-dependent manner.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences to have minimal spillover into other detectors, making it an optimal choice for multicolor flow cytometry. With an Ex Max at 348 nm and an Em Max at 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited with a 355 nm laser and detected with a 379/28 filter.