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Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Human IFN-α[2b]
Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Human IFN-α[2b]

Flow cytometric analysis of Alexa 647 anti-human IFN alpha on stimulated PBMC. Human PBMC were stimulated using CPG oligodeoxynucleotide and then treated with BFA (Cat. No. 347688).  Cells were then stained with FITC Anti-Human Lin-1 cocktail (Cat. No. 340546), PerCP-Cy™5.5 Mouse anti-Human CD123 (Cat. No. 558714/560904), and PE Mouse Anti-Human HLA-DR (Cat. No. 555561) simutaneously.  Cells were fixed and permeabilized (see recommended assay procedure) followed by intracellular staining with Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Human IFN-α[2b] (Cat. No. 560088). The dot plots were derived from the gated events based on light scattering characteristics of lymphocytes and fluorescence characteristics of Lin-1 negative, HLDA-DR positive shown as IFN-alpha vs CD123. Flow cytometry was performed on a BD FACSCalibur™ System. Please refer to Recommended Assay Procedure for a full protocol and list of materials

Flow cytometric analysis of Alexa 647 anti-human IFN alpha on stimulated PBMC. Human PBMC were stimulated using CPG oligodeoxynucleotide and then treated with BFA (Cat. No. 347688).  Cells were then stained with FITC Anti-Human Lin-1 cocktail (Cat. No. 340546), PerCP-Cy™5.5 Mouse anti-Human CD123 (Cat. No. 558714/560904), and PE Mouse Anti-Human HLA-DR (Cat. No. 555561) simutaneously.  Cells were fixed and permeabilized (see recommended assay procedure) followed by intracellular staining with Alexa Fluor® 647 Mouse anti-Human IFN-α[2b] (Cat. No. 560088). The dot plots were derived from the gated events based on light scattering characteristics of lymphocytes and fluorescence characteristics of Lin-1 negative, HLDA-DR positive shown as IFN-alpha vs CD123. Flow cytometry was performed on a BD FACSCalibur™ System. Please refer to Recommended Assay Procedure for a full protocol and list of materials

Product Details
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BD Pharmingen™
Human (QC Testing)
Mouse IgG1, κ
Human IFN-α2b
Intracellular staining (flow cytometry) (Routinely Tested)
20 µl
AB_1645416
Aqueous buffered solution containing BSA and ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 647 under optimum conditions, and unreacted Alexa Fluor® 647 was removed.

Recommended Assay Procedures

Please refer to chart in Suggested Companion Products section for names and sources of materials used in the following protocol

Cell Activation

Note: The following procedures need to be performed in the hood using aseptic technique.

        1.    Isolate fresh human peripheral blood mononuclear cells PBMC from 60ml of fresh blood, and wash 2X with sterile 1 X PBS. Centrifuge                the cells at 250 X g for 10 minutes and discard the supernatant.

        2.    Suspend the cells in complete medium (RPMI [Hyclone, Cat. No. SH30096]supplimented with 1% Pen/Strep, 1% L-glutamine and 10%

               FBS). Count and adjust the cell concentration to 2-3 million cells/mL.

        3.    Label two sterile 50-mL conical tubes as "Not Stimulated" and "Stimulated with CPG". Dispense 2 million PBMC to each to

               each tube (2 million cells/test)

        4.    Add 5µg of CPG oligodeoxynucleotide per ml of cells to the "Stimulated with CPG" tube.   Cap the tube and vortex gently.

        5.    Incubate both tubes for 2 hours at 37°C.

        6.    Dilute BD FastImmune™ Brefeldin A (BFA)(Cat. No. 347688) 1 to 10 in sterile 1 X PBS.  

        7.    Add 20µl of 1X BFA per mL to both tubes (stimulated and unstimulated). Incubate tubes at 37°C for 2 hours.

                Note: Keep both CPG and BFA aliquots at -20°C.  

        8.    Add 100µl of 20 mM EDTA per mL of cells to both tubes and incubate overnight at 4°C.                

Surface and Intracellular Staining

        9.    Centrifuge the two tubes at 250 X g for 10 minutes. Discard the supernatants by aspiration and re-suspend cells in 25 mL of

               BD Pharmigen™ Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 554656/554657).

        10.  Centrifuge the tubes at 250 X g for 10 minutes.  Discard the supernatants and re-suspend cells in  2 mL of Stain Buffer.

        11.  Label 12x75mm polypropylene tubes appropriately. Add 100µl of cells to each tube.

        12.  Add surface staining antibodies to each tube (FITC Anti-Human Lin-1 cocktail [Cat. No. 340546], PerCP-Cy™5.5 Mouse anti-Human

               CD123 [Cat. No. 558714/560904], and PE Mouse Anti-Human HLA-DR [Cat. No. 555561] or PE conjugate). Incubate the tubes at             

               room temperature for 30 minutes in the dark.

        13.  Following incubation, add 2 mL of cold Stain Buffer to each tube and centrifuge at 250 X g for 10 minutes.  

               Discard the supernatants by aspiration and vortex the pellets to re-suspend the cells.

        14.  Add 1 mL of room temperature BD Cytofix/Cytoperm™ Buffer (Cat. No. 554722) to each tube. Mix well and incubate at room

               temperature in the dark for 30 minutes.

        15.  Add 2 mL of cold BD Perm/Wash™ Buffer (Cat. No. 554723) to each tube and centrifuge at 500 X g for 5 minutes; discard the

                supernatants by aspiration and vortex the pellets to re-suspend cells.

        16.  Add intracellular staining antibody anti-human IFN-alpha (20µl/test) or the proper isotype control at the appropriate

               volume per test to the tubes and mix well by vortexing.  Bring test volume to 100µl using cold BD Perm/Wash Buffer.

               Incubate tubes at room temperature for 60 minutes in the dark.

        17.  Add 2 mL of cold BD Perm/Wash Buffer to each tube and centrifuge at 500 X g for 5 minutes; discard supernatant

               by aspiration and vortex pellet to suspend cells.

        18.  Add 300µl of cold BD Perm/Wash Buffer to each tube for immediate flow cytometric analysis.

        Optional:  Re-suspend the pellets with 200 µl of cold 1% -formaldehyde  and keep the tubes at 4°C in the dark up to 24 hours                         before flow cytometry. If storing longer than 24 hours, we recommend washing cells in wash buffer as extended incubation with                         fixatives might affect fluorochromes.

Flow Cytometry and Data Analysis

Acquire at least 500,000 events (lymphocytes and monocytes).

A sequential gating strategy is required for successful data analysis:

        1.    Gate tightly on the lymphocytes and monocytes using scatter profiles.

        2.    View the Lin-1 versus HLA-DR profile of the gated lymphocytes and monocytes, and select the Lin-1-negative, HLA-DR-positive                          population (R2 in the figure).  Be sure not to include any of the Lin-1-positive cells.

        3.    View the IFN-  versus CD123 profile of the gated cells to detect the IFN- -positive population.

Unstimulated sample is used as a negative control could also be used to set the markers.

Open up the second gate on Lin-1- HLA-DR+(R2) and from there open up the third gate for CD123+ IFN-alpha+(R3). Acquire about 150-200 events in CD123+ IFN-alpha+ double positive quadrant (R3). See below for correct and incorrect gating examples.

                        

The proper gating for IFN-alpha is crucial for proper analysis.  Below are two examples. The first example is how we recommend gating for proper detection of IFN-alpha.  The second example is the incorrect way to gate for IFN-alpha.

Product Notices

  1. This reagent has been pre-diluted for use at the recommended Volume per Test. We typically use 1 × 10^6 cells in a 100-µl experimental sample (a test).
  2. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  3. Source of all serum proteins is from USDA inspected abattoirs located in the United States.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. The Alexa Fluor®, Pacific Blue™, and Cascade Blue® dye antibody conjugates in this product are sold under license from Molecular Probes, Inc. for research use only, excluding use in combination with microarrays, or as analyte specific reagents. The Alexa Fluor® dyes (except for Alexa Fluor® 430), Pacific Blue™ dye, and Cascade Blue® dye are covered by pending and issued patents.
  6. Alexa Fluor® 647 fluorochrome emission is collected at the same instrument settings as for allophycocyanin (APC).
  7. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  8. Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
  9. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
560088 Rev. 4
Antibody Details
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7N4-1

The 7N4-1 antibody reacts with human IFN-α2b and to a lesser extent with IFN-α7.  It does not react with IFN-α1 nor IFN-α4.  IFN-α2b is one of the three variants of IFN-α2 that have been isolated from human cell lines. IFN-α2b is the variant predominantly produced by human leukocytes.  Human IFN-α2b belongs to the IFN-α class of proteins also known as leukocyte interferons. IFN-α comprises a family of related but distinct proteins with molecular weights ranging from 16-27 kDa with antiviral, antiproliferative and immunomodulatory activities.  The IFN-α family is composed from as many as 14 different genes.  The immunogen used to generate the 7N4-1 hybridoma was E. coli-expressed recombinant human IFN-α2b. This is a neutralizing antibody.

560088 Rev. 4
Format Details
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Alexa Fluor™ 647
Alexa Fluor™ 647 Dye is part of the BD red family of dyes. This is a small organic fluorochrome with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) at 653-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 669-nm. Alexa Fluor 647 is designed to be excited by the Red laser (627-640 nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 520-nm (e.g., a 660/20 nm bandpass filter). Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
Alexa Fluor™ 647
Red 627-640 nm
653 nm
669 nm
560088 Rev.4
Citations & References
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Development References (7)

  1. Dipaola M, Smith T, Ferencz-Biro K, Liao MJ, Testa D.. Interferon-alpha 2 produced by normal human leukocytes is predominantly interferon-alpha 2b. J Interferon Res. 1994; 14(6):325-332. (Biology). View Reference
  2. Henco K, Brosius J, Fujisawa A, et al. Structural relationship of human interferon alpha genes and pseudogenes. J Mol Biol. 1985; 185(2):227-260. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Liao MJ, Lee N, Dipaola M, et al. Distribution of interferon-alpha 2 genes in humans. J Interferon Res. 1994; 14(4):183-185. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Lydon NB, Favre C, Bove S, et al. Immunochemical mapping of alpha-2 interferon. Biochemistry. 1985; 24(15):4131-4141. (Biology). View Reference
  5. Pestka S. The human interferons—from protein purification and sequence to cloning and expression in bacteria: before, between, and beyond. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1983; 221(1):1-37. (Biology). View Reference
  6. Siegal FP, Kadowaki N, Shodell M, et al. The nature of the principal type 1 interferon-producing cells in human blood. Science. 1999; 284(5421):1835-1837. (Biology). View Reference
  7. Vogel, S., R. Friedman, M. Hogan. J.E. Coligan, A.M. Kruisbeek, D.H. Margulies, E.M. Shevach and W. Strober, ed. Current Protocols in Immunology. New York: John Wiley & Sons; :1-920.
View All (7) View Less
560088 Rev. 4

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Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.