The monoclonal antibodies TH6 and 12A5 recognize Folate Receptor 4 (FR4), also known as the membrane folate-binding protein 3 (FBP3). FR4 is a heavily glycosylated 35 kD receptor expressed exclusively in lymphoid tissue and an isoform of the family of receptors that recognize the essential nutrient folic acid. Natural T regulatory cells constitutively express high levels of FR4. Differential expression of FR4 in combination with CD25 can distinguish four functionally distinct CD4+ T cell subpopulations; Natural Tregs, effector T cells, memory-like T cells and Naïve T cells. FR4hi CD25+ expressing CD4+ T cells also express high amounts of Foxp3, GITR and CTLA-4.
Monoclonal antibody TH6 and 12A5 stained CD25+CD4+ T cells at a higher level than other CD4+ or CD8+ T cells. In addition, in vivo injection of TH6 monoclonal antibody reduced the number of CD25+CD4+ T cells and CD25-CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood. Clone 12A5 has been demonstrated to work in western blot. Clones TH6 and 12A5 do not block one another in a flow cytometric assay.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV661 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 661-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV661 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 670/25 filter and a 630 nm LP. Due to cross laser excitation of this dye, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting APC-like emissions (eg, 670/25-nm filter).
Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BUV661 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended. Different BUV661 reagents (eg, CD4 vs. CD45) can have slightly different fluorescence spillover therefore, it may also be necessary to use clone-specific compensation controls when using these reagents.