Lgr5 (leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5) is a seven transmembrane-domain receptor that is a target gene for Wnt and marks stem cells in the small intestine, colon, stomach, and hair follicle. Lgr5 was initially identified as a potential stem cell marker due to restricted expression of Lgr5 in the intestinal crypt and labeling of rapidly cycling cells of the colon and intestine. Using both lineage tracing and organoid culture experiments, Lgr5 positive cells are capable of generating all types of the small intestine epithelium hence indicating that Lgr5 marks stem cells of the small intestine and colon. R-spondin growth factors, which are secreted agonists of the Wnt pathway, bind Lgr5. The binding of R-spondins to Lgr5 leads to recruitment of the Frizzled/LRP Wnt receptor complex, which binds to Wnt ligands and leads to downstream Wnt signaling. Lgr5 is up-regulated in colon and ovarian cancers and has been implicated in promotion of tumor growth and metastasis.
The 8F2 monoclonal antibody recognizes an epitope in the N-terminal region of Human Lgr5.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.