The LS132.1D9 (aka, 1D9) monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2 or CC-CKR-2) which is also known as CD192, CKR2, CMKBR2, or Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 receptor (MCP-1 Receptor or MCP-1-R). CCR2 (CD192) is a seven-transmembrane, G-protein-coupled, glycoprotein receptor that belongs to the beta chemokine receptor family. It is expressed on basophils, monocytes/macrophages, dendritic cells, activated T cells and B cells. CCR2 (CD192) serves as a receptor for Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1/CCL2), MCP-2/CCL8, MCP-3/CCL7, and MCP-4/CCL13. CD192 exists in two forms, CD192A and CD192B. The two forms are derived from alternatively spliced variants of a single gene and differ at their intracellular C-terminal ends. CD192 plays an important role in inflammatory responses including monocytic infiltration of tissues associated with certain diseases, eg, atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and tumors.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.