The DX9 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD158e1, also known as NKB1. CD158e1 functions as a killer cell inhibitory receptor (KIR) and is encoded by KIR3DL1 (Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, three domains, long cytoplasmic tail). CD158e1 is a 70 kDa glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig superfamily. It is expressed on a subset of natural killer cells and a small subset of T cells. Expression of CD158e1 has been observed to vary among individuals. KIR molecules specifically recognize a certain group of HLA class I antigens. Interaction of CD158e1 with specific HLA-B antigen on a target cell appears to inhibit cell-mediated cytotoxicity by delivering a negative signal that prevents lymphocyte activation. It is suggested that this MHC class I-KIR interaction works as a signaling mechanism that regulates NK and T-cell responses to antigenic challenge.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV510 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 405-nm and Em Max at 510-nm, BD Horizon BV510 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon V500 (525/50-nm) filter set. BD Horizon BV510 conjugates are useful for the detection of dim markers off the violet laser.