The 1-1-2 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the Qa-2 MHC class Ib antigen, which is expressed at higher levels on mature T lymphocytes than on B cells. Its expression is upregulated in the late stages of T-cell maturation. Qa-2 is a 40 kDa GPI-linked cell surface molecule encoded by the Q5, Q6, Q7, and/or Q9 genes of the H-2 complex. A 39 kDa soluble form results from alternative splicing of the transcript. Although Qa-2 is nonpolymorphic, its level of expression on both T and B lymphocytes varies among inbred mouse strains. High expressors include strains carrying the H-2[b] haplotype low expressors include H-2[d] strains, and H-2[k] strains are Qa-2-negative.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.