The 1C3 (AICD58.6) monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD58. CD58 is a a 60-70 kDa glycoprotein member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD58, also referred to as the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3), has a wide tissue distribution, being expressed on both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells, including endothelial cells and fibroblasts. There are two isoforms of CD58: a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked form and a transmembrane form. Both isoforms may be expressed on the same cell type. Erythrocytes, however, only express the GPI-linked isoform. CD58 interacts with CD2 during cell adhesion. This binding can enhance antigen-specific T-cell activation. This interaction can also play a role in cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.