The M17/4 antibody reacts with the 180 kDa αL chain of LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18, αLβ2 integrin), a heterodimeric surface glycoprotein expressed on almost all leukocytes. CD8a+CD8b- intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes, which are believed to be thymus independent, do not express CD11a. LFA-1 mediates a variety of heterotypic and homotypic intercellular adhesions through interaction with ICAM-1 (CD54) and ICAM-2 (CD102), including participation in the immunological synapses between CD8+ T lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells. mAb M17/4 blocks a variety of LFA-1-mediated cells interactions in vitro, and costimulatory effects have also been described. In vivo treatment with M17/4 mAb reduces the severity of graft-versus-host reactions, prolongs allograft survival, inhibits the development of autoimmunity, and blocks substance P-induced leukocyte migration. The M17/4 and 2D7 (Cat. No. 553120) antibodies are reported to recognize different epitopes of the CD11a molecule.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV786 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 786-nm. BD Horizon BV786 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™7-like dyes (eg, 780/60-nm filter).