The EH12.1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD279 which is also known as Programmed cell death 1 (PD1). CD279 is an immunoregulatory receptor expressed on activated T cells, B cells, and myeloid cells. It contains an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) in the cytoplasmic region. Mice deficient in CD279 show a breakdown of peripheral tolerance and manifest multiple autoimmune symptoms. PD-L1 and PD-L2 are ligands of CD279 and members of the B7 gene family. CD279:PD-Ligands interaction inhibits T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion. Reports suggest that the B7/CTLA-4 pathway primarily attenuates, limits, and/or terminates naïve T-cell activation in secondary lymphoid organs. The PD-ligand:CD279 pathway, on the other hand, may primarily attenuate, limit, and/or terminate T-, B-, and myeloid cell activation/effector function at sites of inflammation in the periphery.
This antibody is conjugated to BD Horizon BV605 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max of 602-nm, BD Horizon BV605 can be excited by a violet laser and detected with a standard 610/20-nm filter set. BD Horizon BV605 is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 and an acceptor dye with an Em max at 605-nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the green (532 nm) and yellow-green (561 nm) lasers, there will be significant spillover into the PE and BD Horizon PE-CF594 detectors off the green or yellow-green lasers. BD Horizon BV605 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting brightness equivalent to PE conjugates and can be used as a third color off of the violet laser.
For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794).