The 2D7/CCR5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the human chemokine receptor CCR5, also known as CD195. CCR5 is a seven transmembrane-spanning G protein-associated molecule that belongs to the beta chemokine receptor family and expressed on a subset of T lymphocytes (CD3+CD45RO+CD95+). CCR5 regulates lymphocyte chemotaxis activation and transendothelial migration during inflammation by signaling a response to at least three chemokines: Regulated upon Activation Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1 (MIP-1), and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 2 (MCP-2). Additionally, CCR5 has been found to be a coreceptor for macrophage-tropic HIV-1 on CD4+ cells, a characteristic that is important in viral transmission. Reports indicate that individuals who have partial (heterozygous) or complete (homozygous) deletion of the CCR5 allele demonstrate resistance to HIV infection. This antibody has been shown to block ligand and gp120 binding. It is also able to neutralize HIV infection.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.