The 2D7/CCR5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the human chemokine receptor CCR5, also known as CD195. CCR5 is a seven transmembrane-spanning G protein-associated molecule that belongs to the beta chemokine receptor family and expressed on a subset of T lymphocytes (CD3+CD45RO+CD95+). CCR5 regulates lymphocyte chemotaxis activation and transendothelial migration during inflammation by signaling a response to at least three chemokines: Regulated upon Activation Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1 (MIP-1), and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein 2 (MCP-2). Additionally, CCR5 has been found to be a coreceptor for macrophage-tropic HIV-1 on CD4+ cells, a characteristic that is important in viral transmission. Reports indicate that individuals who have partial (heterozygous) or complete (homozygous) deletion of the CCR5 allele demonstrate resistance to HIV infection. This antibody has been shown to block ligand and gp120 binding. It is also able to neutralize HIV infection.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.