The NP4D6 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD203c. CD203c is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of the E-NNP family of ectoenzymes. CD203c is also known as ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 3 (E-NPP3, ENPP3) due to its capacity to hydrolyze phosphodiester and phosphosulfate bonds in a variety of molecules including deoxynucleotides, nucleoside phosphates, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. CD203c is otherwise known as Phosphodiesterase-1β (PD-1β, PD-I beta), B10, or gp130RB13-6. CD203c is expressed by basophils and mast cells. Basophils increase CD203c expression following activation with allergens or antibodies that crosslink cytophilic IgE. Thus, CD203c serves as a useful flow cytometric marker for basophil activation and the detection and analysis of type 1 allergic responses. IgE-receptor cross-linking results in CD203c upregulation and overexpression on neoplastic mast cells in cases of systemic mastocytosis.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences to have minimal spillover into other detectors, making it an optimal choice for multicolor flow cytometry. With an Ex Max at 348 nm and an Em Max at 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited with a 355 nm laser and detected with a 379/28 filter.