The GA-R2 (also known as HIR2) monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD235a and CD235b. CD235a is also known as Glycophorin A (GYPA, GPA, GLPA), Sialoglycoprotein alpha, MN sialoglycoprotein, or PAS-2. CD235b is otherwise known as Glycophorin B (GYPB, GPB, GLPB), Sialoglycoprotein delta, SS-active sialoglycoprotein, or PAS-3. CD235a and CD235b are type I transmembrane sialoglycoproteins that are expressed on human erythrocytes, erythroid precursor cells and certain leukemic cell types. CD235a carries blood group M and N antigens, whereas CD235b contains S, s, and U antigens. This antibody is useful for the identification and characterization of erythrocytes, certain myeloid leukemic cell types, and studies of erythroid cell development and infectious diseases with erythrocyte involvement. Glycophorins may play a role in preventing cell agglutination.
The antibody was conjugated to an oligonucleotide that contains an antibody clone-specific barcode (ABC) flanked by a poly-A tail on the 3' end and a PCR handle (PCR primer binding site) on the 5' end. The ABC for this antibody was designed to be used with other BD AbSeq oligonucleotides conjugated to other antibodies. All AbSeq ABC sequences were selected in silico to be unique from human and mouse genomes, have low predicted secondary structure, and have high Hamming distance within the BD AbSeq portfolio, to allow for sequencing error correction and unique mapping. The poly-A tail of the oligonucleotide allows the ABC to be captured by the BD Rhapsody™ system or other oligo-dT-based capture systems. The 5' PCR handle allows for efficient sequencing library generation for Illumina sequencing platforms.