The NDS58 antibody reacts with all isoforms of CD45 (Leukocyte Common Antigen) on all hematopoietic cells, excluding the more mature erythroid cells, in strains expressing the RT7.1 alloantigen. The antibody does not react with the RT7.2 alloantigen. RT7.1 strains include ACI, AO, BN, DA, DZB, LEW, MAXX, PVG, SHR, and WAG; while BUF, LOU, and WF are RT7.2 strains. CD45 is a member of the Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (PTP) family: Its intracellular (COOH-terminal) region contains two PTP catalytic domains, and the extracellular region is highly variable due to alternative splicing of exons 4, 5, and 6 (designated A, B, and C, respectively), plus differing levels of glycosylation. The CD45 isoforms detected in the rat are cell type-, maturation-, and activation state-specific. The CD45 isoforms play complex roles in T-cell and B-cell antigen receptor signal transduction.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.