The U29-93 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the mouse Interleukin-33 Receptor (IL-33 Receptor, or IL-33R) which is also known as ST2. The IL-33R exists in either a type I transmembrane or soluble glycoprotein form. These IL-33R forms are encoded by the Il1rl1 (Interleukin-1 receptor-like 1) gene which belongs to the IL-1 Receptor family within the Ig superfamily. The IL-33R is expressed by subsets of T cells, including Th2-like cells and some regulatory T cells, as well as some innate lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells. The IL-33R (also known as the IL-33R alpha subunit, or IL-33Rα) binds IL-33 and complexes with the IL-1R Accessory Protein (IL1RAP) to form a functional signaling receptor complex that can induce the production of T helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines. The soluble IL-33R may function as a decoy receptor which can block the binding of IL-33 to the transmembrane IL-33R. The IL-33R plays roles in inflammation, immunity, and allergy.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.