The 2D7 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the 180-kDa αL chain of LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18, αLβ2 integrin), a heterodimeric surface glycoprotein expressed on almost all leukocytes. CD8a+CD8b- intestinal intraepithelial T lymphocytes, which are believed to be thymus independent, do not express CD11a. LFA-1 mediates a variety of heterotypic and homotypic intracellular adhesions through interaction with ICAM-1 (CD54) and ICAM-2 (CD102), including participation in the immunological synapses between CD8+ T lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells. mAb 2D7 has been reported to block an in vitro allogeneic mixed-leukocyte reaction. The 2D7 and M17/4 (Cat. No. 553337, for the NA/LE™ format) antibodies are reported to recognize different epitopes of the CD11a molecule.
This antibody is routinely tested by flow cytometric analysis. Other applications were tested at BD Biosciences Pharmingen during antibody development only or reported in the literature.