The 2A9-1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human CX3CR1, which is also known as chemokine (C-C) receptor-like 1 (CCRL1), Beta chemokine receptor-like 1 (CMK-BRL-1), G protein-coupled receptor 13 (GPR13), or GPRV28 (V28). CX3CR1 is a seven transmembrane G protein coupled receptor that is expressed by NK cells, T cells, and monocytes. The cellular expression of CX3CR1 is correlated with high levels of intracellular perforin and granzyme B. CX3CR1 serves as a receptor for fractalkine (CX3CL1). Fractalkine is a transmembrane chemokine of the CX3C family that is expressed on activated endothelial cells, neurons, and astrocytes. Interaction of CX3CR1 with fractalkine initiates cellular adhesive and chemotactic responses.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV510 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 405-nm and Em Max at 510-nm, BD Horizon BV510 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon V500 (525/50-nm) filter set. BD Horizon BV510 conjugates are useful for the detection of dim markers off the violet laser.