The GAP.A3 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the polymorphic HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-3 alpha chain (HLA-A3). This ~44 kDa human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule noncovalently associates with the ~12 kDa monomorphic β2 microglobulin. Two major subtypes are encoded by HLA-A3, HLA-A3.1 and HLA-A3.2. HLA-A3 gene expression is more commonly detected in individuals from Europe and southern India. HLA-A3 is expressed on nearly all nucleated cells of HLA-A3-positive individuals. HLA-A3 functions in the presentation of antigens to CD8-positive T cells which may lead to the generation of HLA-A3-restricted cytotoxic T cells and memory T cells. When complexed with certain antigens, HLA-A3 can also bind to killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR), such as KIR3DL2, and might regulate NK cell function.
Note: Since HLA-A3 expression varies between human populations, clone GAP.A3 staining can be donor-dependent. Based on in-house testing and current literature, individuals of European or Southern Indian descent more frequently express HLA-A3 than those of Asian descent. Data may differ between donors due to geographical variations of HLA-A3 expression.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).