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BUV615 Mouse Anti-Human CD28
Product Details
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BD OptiBuild™
CD28 antigen; T44; Tp44; TP44
Human (Tested in Development)
Mouse C3H x BALB/c IgG1, κ
Human CD28 Transfected Cell Line
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
0.2 mg/ml
V 5T CD28.05
940
AB_2875473
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated to the dye under optimum conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

BD™ CompBeads can be used as surrogates to assess fluorescence spillover (Compensation). When fluorochrome conjugated antibodies are bound to BD CompBeads, they have spectral properties very similar to cells. However, for some fluorochromes there can be small differences in spectral emissions compared to cells, resulting in spillover values that differ when compared to biological controls. It is strongly recommended that when using a reagent for the first time, users compare the spillover on cells and BD CompBead to ensure that BD CompBeads are appropriate for your specific cellular application.

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes are used in the same experiment. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794/566349) or the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer Plus (Cat. No. 566385).

Note:  When using high concentrations of antibody, background binding of this dye to erythroid cell subsets (mature erythrocytes and precursors) has been observed.  For researchers studying these cell populations, or in cases where light scatter gating does not adequately exclude these cells from the analysis, this background may be an important factor to consider when selecting reagents for panel(s).

Product Notices

  1. The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
  2. Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
  3. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  4. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  5. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  6. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  7. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  8. Please refer to http://regdocs.bd.com to access safety data sheets (SDS).
  9. CF™ is a trademark of Biotium, Inc.
  10. BD Horizon Brilliant Ultraviolet 615 is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,227,187; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
751477 Rev. 2
Antibody Details
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CD28.2

The CD28.2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD28, a 44 kDa homodimeric transmembrane glycoprotein present on most mature T cells, thymocytes and plasma cells. CD28 is a costimulatory receptor that binds CD80 and CD86 as ligands and plays a very important role in T cell-B cell interactions. It has been suggested that CD28 initiates and regulates a separate and distinct signal transduction pathway from those stimulated by the TCR complex. Additionally, it has been reported that CD28 antibody clones vary in their ability to stimulate T cells to produce IL-2 and increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration. This finding suggests the existence of functionally distinct subregions on the CD28 molecule. CD28.2 has been demonstrated to bind to the same molecule as clone L293, another CD28 mAb, and has been reported to induce Ca2+ influx in Jurkat T cells.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP.  Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).

751477 Rev. 2
Format Details
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BUV615
The BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet 615 (BUV615) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This tandem fluorochrome is comprised of a BUV395 donor with an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 350-nm and an acceptor dye with an emission maximum (Em Max) at 615-nm. BUV615, driven by BD innovation, is designed to be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 615-nm (e.g, 610/20 bandpass filter). The acceptor dye can be excited by the Blue (488-nm) and yellow-green (561-nm) lasers resulting in cross-laser excitation and fluorescence spillover. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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BUV615
Ultraviolet 355 nm
350 nm
615 nm
751477 Rev.2
Citations & References
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Development References (6)

  1. Barclay NA, Brown MH, Birkeland ML, et al, ed. The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 1997.
  2. June CH, Bluestone JA, Nadler LM, Thompson CB. The B7 and CD28 receptor families. Immunol Today. 1994; 15(7):321-331. (Biology). View Reference
  3. Kuiper H, Brouwer M, Vermeire S, van Lier R. Analysis of the Workshop CD28 Panel mAb: distinct signalling pathways coupled to CD28. In: Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the fifth international workshop and conference held in Boston, USA, 3-7 November, 1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995:373-374.
  4. Nunes J, Klasen S, Franco MD, et al. Signalling through CD28 T-cell activation pathway involves an inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C activity. Biochem J. 1993; 293(3):835-842. (Clone-specific: Calcium Flux, (Co)-stimulation, Functional assay). View Reference
  5. Nunes J, Klasen S, Ragueneau M, et al. CD28 mAbs with distinct binding properties differ in their ability to induce T cell activation: analysis of early and late activation events. Int Immunol. 1993; 5(3):311-315. (Immunogen: Calcium Flux, (Co)-stimulation, Flow cytometry, Functional assay, IC/FCM Block, Immunoprecipitation, Stimulation). View Reference
  6. Olive D, Cerdan C, Costello R, et al. CD28 and CTLA-4 cluster report. In: Schlossman SF. Stuart F. Schlossman .. et al., ed. Leucocyte typing V : white cell differentiation antigens : proceedings of the fifth international workshop and conference held in Boston, USA, 3-7 November, 1993. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1995:360-370.
View All (6) View Less
751477 Rev. 2

Please refer to Support Documents for Quality Certificates


Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described


Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.