Monoclonal antibody 6B11 reacts with a unique determinant in the CDR3 region of the invariant (Vα24-JαQ) TCR chain. Thus 6B11 identifies a subset of all Vα24 positive T cells. The binding of the PE-conjugate of 6B11 can be partially blocked by other antibodies specific for Vα24 (BD Biosciences Pharmingen, data not shown). This invariant chain is expressed on invariant NK T cells, which are a small subset of T lymphocytes that also express other NK cell molecules such as CD161. Invariant NK T cells have been reported to play an immunoregulatory role. The Vα24-JαQ interacts with the CD1d protein. Invariant NK T cells can be specifically activated by CD1d-presented antigen resulting in rapid production of IL-4 and IFN (also known as IFN-γ). Studies of NK T cells describe their role in anti-tumor immunity and autoimmunity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.