The 1G10 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD43, a 95-135 kDa sialoglycoprotein that is highly expressed on most human leucocytes. CD43 is encoded by the SPN gene and is also known as Sialophorin, Galactoglycoprotein (GALGP), Leukosialin, and Leukocyte sialoglycoprotein. The CD43 antigen is expressed on T cells, pre-B cells and activated B cells, NK cells and granulocytes, but is not present on resting peripheral blood B cells, red blood cells, platelets and non-hematopoietic cells. CD43 is enzymatically shed from leucocyte surfaces following activation by various stimuli. CD43 appears to be involved in intercellular interactions that regulate T, B, and NK cell functions. This antibody is suitable for staining formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections with TUF pretreatment.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.