The KT50 antibody reacts with some members of the Vα 8 T-cell Receptor (TCR) subfamily of mice having the a, b, c, and d haplotypes of the Tcra gene complex (e.g., all strains tested). It recognizes an epitope in the CDR1 of Vα 8.3, but not Vα 8.2, TCR subfamily member, as does the B21.14 mAb (Cat. no. 553374). Site-directed mutagenesis has identified three amino acids which are necessary for antibody reactivity and which are unique to Vα 8.3 among the five functional Vα 8 TCR subfamily members. On a common H-2[k] background, the frequency of Vα 8.3 TCR-bearing T lymphocytes is higher in Tcra[a/a] mice than in Tcra[a/b] mice. Furthermore, studies of congenic strains suggest that CD8+ Vα 8.3 TCR-bearing T lymphocytes undergo negative selection in mice expressing MHC class I antigens of the H-2[d] haplotype.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.