The VIM15 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD92 which is also known as Solute carrier family 44 member 1 (SLC44A1), or Choline transporter-like protein 1 (CHTL1). CD92 is a multipass membrane glycoprotein that belongs to the choline transporter-like family. It contains a tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) in its cytoplasmic C-terminus. CD92 appears to be involved in choline transport for cell membrane phospholipid synthesis and in regulatory cell-signaling pathways. CD92 is strongly expressed by monocytes and at lower levels by granulocytes and some dendritic cells. It is generally expressed at low levels by B cells, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, and subsets of T cells, or NK cells. The VIM15 antibody has been shown to augment lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-10 production by monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DC). When cultured with ionomycin or calcium ionophore, maturing Mo-DC showed downregulation of CD92 expression.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.