The 11C1 monoclonal antibody recognizes CD268 which is also known as the B cell activating factor receptor (BAFF-R). CD268 is a type III transmembrane protein of approximately 184 residues. BAFF-R is one of the receptors for B-cell activating factor (BAFF), a member of the TNF family of proteins. BAFF is a key regulator for B cell differentiation and critical in regulating survival and activation of peripheral B cell populations. Experiments in the mouse model show that interaction of BAFF with BAFF-R promotes NF-κB activity. Overexpression of BAFF results in an expanded B cell compartment and autoimmunity in mice. Mice injected with BAFF-neutralizing-Fc (BAFF-R-Fc) protein showed reduced NF-κB activation, blocking BAFF-induced B cell proliferation. Reports suggest that the BAFF-BAFF-R interaction may lead to a better understanding of autoimmune disorders.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.