The hC3aRZ8 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to the human C3a Receptor (C3aR). C3aR is a seven-transmembrane glycoprotein, G-protein-coupled receptor that is the specific receptor for C3a anaphylatoxin. The C3aR consists of 482 amino acids forming a single polypeptide chain that is encoded by the C3AR1 gene located on chromosome 12 (location 12p13.31). C3aR are expressed by eosinophils, basophils, neutrophils, dendritic cells, monocytes, macrophages, endothelial cells and some T cells. C3a is a bioactive cleavage product released from Complement Component 3 (C3) during complement activation. C3a plays a role in a variety of cellular immune responses as well as being a potent pro-inflammatory agent. In response to bound C3a, this receptor stimulates cellular responses including chemotaxis, granule enzyme release and superoxide anion production and causes increased vascular permeability. In vivo, C3a production can initiate, contribute to, or exacerbate the inflammatory reactions seen in gram-negative bacterial sepsis, trauma, ARDS, ischemic heart disease, post-dialysis syndrome, and several autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and acute glomerulonephritis.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.