The DECMA-1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes the extracellular domain of mouse E-Cadherin (CD324). E-Cadherin is a 120-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that is localized in the adherens junctions of epithelial cells. There it interacts with the cytoskeleton through the associated cytoplasmic catenin proteins. In addition to being a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, E-Cadherin is also a critical regulator of epithelial junction formation. Its association with catenins is necessary for cell-to-cell adhesion. These E-Cadherin/catenin complexes associate with cortical actin bundles at both the zonula adherens and the lateral adhesion plaques. Tyrosine phosphorylation can disrupt these complexes, leading to changes in cell adhesion properties. E-Cadherin expression is often down-regulated in highly invasive, poorly differentiated carcinomas. Increased expression of E-Cadherin in these cells reduces their invasiveness. Thus, loss of expression or function of E-Cadherin appears to be an important step in tumorigenic progression. Pluripotent stem cells express E-Cadherin. Upon differentiation, an epithelial to mesenchymal transition results in the loss of E-cadherin expression and a gain in the expression of N-cadherin. The DECMA-1 mAb recognizes the membrane proximal part of the extracellular region of E-Cadherin and blocks E-Cadherin-mediated aggregation of cells. It has been reported to cross-react with E-Cadherin in humans, as well as several other species. However, the human cross-reactivity was weak when tested by flow cytometry on the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line in comparison to BD Biosciences' Anti-Human DECMA-1 mAb 67A4.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 348 nm and an Em Max near 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) laser and detected with a 379/28 filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences as an optimal dye for use on instruments equipped with the ultraviolet laser and has virtually no spillover into any other detector.