The NLDC-145 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD205 which is also known as Dendritic and thymic Epithelial Cells, 205 kDa (DEC-205) or Lymphocyte antigen 75 (Ly-75). CD205 (DEC-205) is a ~205 kDa type 1 transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Ly75 which belongs to the mannose receptor family within the C-type lectin superfamily. The extracellular region contains an N-terminal cysteine-rich domain followed by a fibronectin type II domain, 10 C-type lectin-like domains, a transmembrane region and cytoplasmic tail with an internalization sequence. CD205 (DEC-205) is highly expressed on both CD8+ and CD103+ dendritic cell subsets and Langerhans cells. It is variably expressed by some other dendritic cell types, Gr1+ bone marrow cells, B cells, T cells, thioglycolate-elicited macrophages, granulocytes, mucosal and thymic cortical epithelial cells, and brain endothelial cells. CD205 (DEC-205) serves as a pattern recognition receptor that functions as a recycling endocytic receptor. It participates in the cellular processing, presentation, and cross-presentation of foreign or self-antigens to initiate immunity or tolerance, respectively. CD205 (DEC-205) can reportedly serve as a promising target for immunotherapy including DC-targeted vaccination using anti-CD205 (DEC-205) monoclonal antibody conjugated with antigen for T cell activation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 348 nm and an Em Max near 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) laser and detected with a 379/28 filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences as an optimal dye for use on instruments equipped with the ultraviolet laser and has virtually no spillover into any other detector.