The P84 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD172a, also known as SIgnal-Regulatory Protein α (SIRPα), Src Homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine Phosphatase (SHP) Substrate 1 (SHPS-1), or Brain Immunoglobulin-like molecule with Tyrosine-based activation motifs (BIT). CD172a is an adhesion molecule of the Ig superfamily which is expressed on neurons in the central nervous system and the retina, on macrophages, and on bone-marrow myeloid cells. Its ligand, CD47, or Integrin-Associated Protein (IAP), is expressed by a wide variety of cells. CD172a and CD47 are proposed to mediate bi-directional signaling to modify neural synaptic activity and regulate the phagocytic activities of macrophages.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV480 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 436-nm and Em Max at 478-nm, BD Horizon BV480 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon BV510 (525/40-nm) filter set. BV480 has less spillover into the BV605 detector and, in general, is brighter than BV510.