The T47-530 specifically recognizes the Lymphocyte Activation Gene 3 (LAG-3) protein which is also known as, Protein FDC, or CD223. LAG-3 is a ~70 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig superfamily and exhibits homology to CD4. LAG-3 is expressed on NK cells, regulatory T cells, and activated conventional T cells with higher expression found on CD8+ T cells compared with CD4+ T cells. LAG-3 is an activation induced cell surface molecule that like CD4, binds MHC class II molecules, but with much higher affinity. This may enable LAG-3 to act as a negative competitor of CD4 for MHC class II ligand binding. LAG-3 may associate with the TCR-CD3 complex to downregulate TCR signal transduction and T cell clonal expansion. In contrast, LAG-3-induced signaling may promote dendritic cell activation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV480 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 436-nm and Em Max at 478-nm, BD Horizon BV480 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon BV510 (525/40-nm) filter set. BV480 has less spillover into the BV605 detector and, in general, is brighter than BV510.