The SGP1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes human ErbB3 (also known as HER-3), a 160-kDa glycoprotein that is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor or ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases. Other members of the family include the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, ErbB-1, HER1), ErbB-2 (Neu, HER2), and ErbB-4 (HER4). Members of this receptor family mediate the proliferation and differentiation of normal cells. They have a common structure consisting of an extracellular ligand-binding domain, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic region that has sequence homology to tyrosine kinases, which is inactive in ErbB3. ErbB3 is expressed on neurons and in tissues from the digestive, urinary and respiratory tracts, the circulatory system, and female and male reproductive organs. It is overexpressed in a variety of tumors and is undetectable in hematopoietic tissue and cell lines derived from hematopoietic tumors. ErbB3 is able to form heterodimers with other ErbB family members that have active tyrosine kinases. This interaction is able to mediate signal transduction upon binding of ErbB3 to its ligand neuregulin, a cell adhesion molecule that is involved in development of the heart and nervous system.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BV480 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 436-nm and Em Max at 478-nm, BD Horizon BV480 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon BV510 (525/40-nm) filter set. BV480 has less spillover into the BV605 detector and, in general, is brighter than BV510.