The A3 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD148. CD148 is a receptor-type tyrosine phosphatase that belongs to the receptor class 3 subfamily of the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. CD148 is also known as Density-enhanced phosphatase 1 (DEP-1), Human protein tyrosine phosphatase- η (HPTP-η/HPTP-eta), or Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ). CD148 is a highly glycosylated type I transmembrane protein that is widely expressed on different cell types including monocytes, granulocytes, dendritic cells, thymocytes, T cells, B cells, NK cells, fibroblasts, and platelets. As a protein tyrosine phosphatase with receptor function, CD148 plays a role in regulating the signaling activities of various phosphorylated cellular proteins including the PDGF Receptor, catenins and Src family kinases. In the immune system, CD148 plays a role in regulating the activities of different cell types. For example, upon T cell activation, CD148 expression is upregulated by T cells. CD148 can subsequently dephosphorylate LAT and PLC-γ signaling proteins and thereby downregulate T cell signaling responses. Immobilized A3 antibody can reportedly augment the proliferation of anti-CD3 antibody-stimulated peripheral blood T cells in culture.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.