The 24D2 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD340 which is also known as Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2 or HER2), Neu (neuro/glioblastoma derived oncogene homolog), or Metastatic lymph node gene 19 protein (MLN19). CD340 (HER-2) is a ~185 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by ERBB2 (erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2) and belongs to the ERBB family of receptor tyrosine kinases that includes EGFR, HER3, and HER4. Although CD340 (HER-2) has no identified direct-binding ligand, it can form heterodimers with other ligand-bound ERBB family members. CD340 (HER-2) helps activate intracellular signaling pathways including mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K) through its cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase-containing region. CD340 (HER-2) is expressed by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. It is overexpressed and plays a significant role in the development of multiple human cancers including some leukemias, neuroblastomas, and carcinomas of the breast, ovary, cervix, colon, and lung.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).