The T47-530 specifically recognizes the Lymphocyte Activation Gene 3 (LAG-3) protein which is also known as, Protein FDC, or CD223. LAG-3 is a ~70 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig superfamily and exhibits homology to CD4. LAG-3 is expressed on NK cells, regulatory T cells, and activated conventional T cells with higher expression found on CD8+ T cells compared with CD4+ T cells. LAG-3 is an activation induced cell surface molecule that like CD4, binds MHC class II molecules, but with much higher affinity. This may enable LAG-3 to act as a negative competitor of CD4 for MHC class II ligand binding. LAG-3 may associate with the TCR-CD3 complex to downregulate TCR signal transduction and T cell clonal expansion. In contrast, LAG-3-induced signaling may promote dendritic cell activation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences to have minimal spillover into other detectors, making it an optimal choice for multicolor flow cytometry. With an Ex Max at 348 nm and an Em Max at 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited with a 355 nm laser and detected with a 379/28 filter.