The 1C3 (AICD58.6) monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD58. CD58 is a a 60-70 kDa glycoprotein member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD58, also referred to as the lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3), has a wide tissue distribution, being expressed on both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells, including endothelial cells and fibroblasts. There are two isoforms of CD58: a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked form and a transmembrane form. Both isoforms may be expressed on the same cell type. Erythrocytes, however, only express the GPI-linked isoform. CD58 interacts with CD2 during cell adhesion. This binding can enhance antigen-specific T-cell activation. This interaction can also play a role in cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV395 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 348 nm and an Em Max near 395 nm, BD Horizon BUV395 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) laser and detected with a 379/28 filter. This dye has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences as an optimal dye for use on instruments equipped with the ultraviolet laser and has virtually no spillover into any other detector.