The BMA-12 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD100 which is also known as, Semaphorin-4D (Sema4D), or Collapsin-4 (Coll-4). CD100 is a ~150 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the class IV Semaphorin subfamily within the Ig gene superfamily. CD100 is expressed by cells from a broad range of tissues including the nervous system, where it serves in axon guidance and synapse formation, and the kidney. It is expressed by most hematopoietic cells including T cells which express CD100 more abundantly than B cells and dendritic cell subsets. Its expression is significantly upregulated upon activation of these cell types. CD100 can costimulate T cell responses. For B cells and dendritic cells, CD100 interaction with its ligands, CD72 or Plexin B1, induces cellular activation and promotes survival, respectively. CD100 is also known to interact with Plexin B2 on skin gamma delta T cells and contribute to the repair of tissue damage caused by inflammation. A biologically-active, soluble form of CD100 is generated by proteolytic cleavage of the cell surface form.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV650 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 650-nm. BD Horizon BV650 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect APC-like dyes (eg, 660/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there will be spillover into the APC and Alexa Fluor® 700 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.