The B4B6 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD172b, which is also known as Signal regulatory protein β (SIRPβ), or SIRP-beta-1 (SIRPB1/SIRPβ1). CD172b is a 50 kDa, type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the SIRP family within the Ig gene superfamily. CD172b has a transmembrane domain that contains a positively-charged lysine residue. This allows CD172b to interact with a transmembrane signaling adaptor protein, DAP12/KARAP, and transduce stimulatory signals into cells. CD172b is expressed on monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and granulocytes. It is not expressed on CD34+ cells. CD172b/SIRPβ and its counterpart, CD172a/SIRPα, appear to have complementary roles in signal regulation and may work together in tuning cellular responses to certain ligands. This clone has been reported not to cross-react with CD172a.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV650 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 650-nm. BD Horizon BV650 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect APC-like dyes (eg, 660/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there will be spillover into the APC and Alexa Fluor® 700 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.