The V50-1886 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human IDO1, or indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1, a rate-limiting enzyme in the catabolism of tryptophan. IDO1 is expressed in normal epithelial, endothelial and myeloid cells and in tumor cells. Its expression is induced by interferon gamma and increases in viral and bacterial infections. The reduction of tryptophan and increase in its metabolites that are mediated by IDO1 have critical immunosuppressive and bactericidal effects.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max near 407 nm and Em Max near 421 nm, BD Horizon™ BV421 can be excited by the violet laser (405 nm) and detected with a 450/50 nm filter. BD Horizon™ BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue™ conjugates. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, BD Horizon™ BV421, Pacific Blue™, and BD Horizon™ V450 cannot be used simultaneously.