The M89D3 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD31, which is also known as platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule -1 (PECAM-1), a single chain, type I transmembrane protein of approximately 130-140 kDa. CD31 is a member of the immunoglobulin supergene family. Its extracellular region is composed of 574 amino acids and contains six C2-type Ig domains, and the intracellular region is composed of 118 residues. CD31 (PECAM-1) is expressed on endothelial cells, platelets, monocytes, neutrophils and NK cells. It has also been observed on subsets of T cells, but not on circulating B cells. It has been implicated in a number of cellular phenomena, including vascular wound healing, angiogenesis, and transendothelial migration of leukocytes and platelet aggregation in inflammatory responses.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).