The HP-3G10 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes human CD161 which is also known as Natural killer cell surface protein P1A (NKR-P1A or NKRP1A) or C-type lectin domain family 5 member B (CLEC5B). CD161 is expressed on the cell surface as an 80 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric type II transmembrane glycoprotein. It is encoded by KLRB1 (Killer cell lectin-like receptor subfamily B member 1) which belongs to the Ca2+-dependent C-type lectin superfamily. CD161 is expressed on NK cells and on subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ αβ T cells, NKT cells, γδ T cells, CD3+ thymocytes, and fetal liver cells. CD161 is preferentially expressed on memory/effector T cells. CD161 can reportedly inhibit NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production. Lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT-1), encoded by CLEC2D (C-type lectin domain family 2 member D), has been described as a ligand for CD161. LLT-1 is expressed on some activated dendritic cells (DC) and B cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BUV615 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome with an Ex Max near 350 nm and an Em Max near 615 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV615 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 610/20 filter and a 595 nm LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by the blue/yellow-green laser line, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting PE-CF594 like emissions (eg, 610/20-nm filter).