The L120 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD4. CD4 is an ~59 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the Ig gene superfamily. CD4 is expressed on helper-inducer subset of T lymphocytes and monocytes. The CD4 antigen is involved in the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II-restricted recognition of foreign antigens and has been identified as a receptor for HIV. The L120 antibody recognizes amino acids 306-370 of the antigen and does not block the binding of the gp120 of HIV, but inhibits the proliferation of CD4 T lymphocytes to MHC class II antigens. The CD4 antigen is present on most thymocytes, approximately 40% of peripheral blood lymphocytes, and at lower density on monocytes. Peripheral blood CD4+ T lymphocytes are lost over time during HIV infection, and this loss is correlated with disease progression.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon Red 718, which has been developed exclusively for BD Biosciences as a better alternative to Alexa Fluor® 700. BD Horizon Red 718 can be excited by the red laser (628 – 640 nm) and, with an Em Max around 718 nm, it can be detected using a 730/45 nm filter. Due to similar excitation and emission properties, we do not recommend using R718 in combination with APC-R700 or Alexa Fluor® 700.