The M-L233 antibody specifically binds to human CD23, the low affinity receptor for human IgE (FcεRII). CD23 is a type II membrane glycoprotein that is expressed by B cells, monocytes, macrophages, eosinophils, platelets and dendritic cells. CD23 mediates IgE-dependent cytotoxicity and phagocytosis by macrophages and eosinophils. Soluble CD23 (sCD23) can be released by CD23-positive cells as a result of proteolytic cleavage of membrane CD23. Larger fragments of sCD23 (e.g., 25-37 kDa) retain their IgE-binding capacity whereas smaller fragments (ie, ≤ 12 kDa) do not. Soluble CD23 may have immunoregulatory effects on the growth and differentiation of B cells and other cell types.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV711 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 711-nm. BD Horizon BV711 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect Cy™5.5 / Alexa Fluor® 700-like dyes (eg, 712/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be moderate spillover into the Alexa Fluor® 700 and PerCP-Cy5.5 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.