The pre-B cell receptor (pre-BCR) expressed during the early stages of B lymphocyte development is a heterodimer of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) with surrogate light chain, which is an Ig-light-chain-like molecule composed of the non-covalently linked CD179b (λ5) and CD179a (VpreB) proteins. The pre-BCR is believed to control IgH repertoire selection and proliferation of differentiating B lymphocytes. The R3/VpreB antibody reacts with CD179a and pre-BCR in pre-B-cell lines, but not CD179b alone. It detects pre-BCR on the surface of early B-lineage cell lines. R3/VpreB antibody has been reported to detect both cell-surface and intracytoplasmic surrogate light chain in normal bone marrow. However, in CD179b-deficient (λ5[-/-]) bone marrow, R3 antibody can detect only intracytoplasmic CD179a. At the earliest stages of B chain associates with a complex of glycoproteins, including a nonclassical cadherin, which could be involved in selective adhesion events during B-lymphocyte development.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV510 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 405-nm and Em Max at 510-nm, BD Horizon BV510 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the BD Horizon V500 (525/50-nm) filter set. BD Horizon BV510 conjugates are useful for the detection of dim markers off the violet laser.