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BV421 Mouse Anti-40kDa Pan Carcinoma
BV421 Mouse Anti-40kDa Pan Carcinoma

Flow cytometric analysis using BD OptiBuild™ BV421 Mouse Anti-Human EPCAM (CD326). antibody (Cat. No. 744886; solid line histogram) on HT29 cells, with Isotype Control (dotted line histogram). Flow cytometry was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20  Flow Cytometer System.

Flow cytometric analysis using BD OptiBuild™ BV421 Mouse Anti-Human EPCAM (CD326). antibody (Cat. No. 744886; solid line histogram) on HT29 cells, with Isotype Control (dotted line histogram). Flow cytometry was performed using a BD LSRFortessa™ X-20  Flow Cytometer System.

Product Details
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BD OptiBuild™
EPCAM; epithelial cell adhesion molecule; KS1/4
Human (Tested in Development)
Mouse IgG2a
UCLA-P3 cells
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
0.2 mg/ml
AB_2742563
Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
RUO


Preparation And Storage

Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze. The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography. The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon BV421 under optimal conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.

Recommended Assay Procedures

For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes (including BD OptiBuild Brilliant reagents) are used in the same experiment.  Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation.  The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions.  More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794).

Product Notices

  1. This antibody was developed for use in flow cytometry.
  2. The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
  3. Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
  4. An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
  5. Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
  6. For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
  7. Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
  8. BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  9. BD Horizon Brilliant Violet 421 is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,158,444; 8,362,193; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
  10. Pacific Blue™ is a trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc., Eugene, OR.
744886 Rev. 1
Antibody Details
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KS1/4

KS1/4 antigen (Ag), defined by the KS1/4 antibody (KS1/4), is expressed in many epithelial-derived carcinomas and normal epithelial cell surfaces. The cDNA encoding KS1/4 has been isolated and contains an open reading frame of 314 amino acids including a putative signal sequence. KS1/4 Ag migrates as three glycosylated polypeptides with molecular masses of 35, 40 and 42 kDa.  The 40 and 42 kDa species are similar proteins and appear to differ only by their degree of N-linked glycosylation. The 35 kDa species results from proteolytic cleavages of the larger molecular weight proteins. KS1/4 was first described as a monoclonal antibody which recognized a lung adenocarcinoma associated antigen.  In oncolytic drug targeting studies, KS1/4 suppressed the growth of human lung tumor xenografts in athymic nude mice. Subsequent studies showed that KS1/4 reacts with a variety of tumor tissues including colon, breast, ovarian, and pancreas. It also recognizes normal epithelium including colon, stomach, small intestine, liver, kidney, lung, pancreas, skin and ovary. These results suggest that KS1/4 Ag represents an epithelial cell/epithelial-derived carcinoma marker. KS1/4 recognizes a 40 - 42 kDa antigen expressed on the cell surfaces of a variety of epithelial tumors and normal epithelial cell types. KS1/4 also recognizes a 35 kDa proteolytic fragment. UCLA-P3 cells derived from a human adenocarcinoma of the lung were used as immunogen.

The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.

744886 Rev. 1
Format Details
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BV421
The BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ 421 (BV421) Dye is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant Violet™ family of dyes. This polymer-technology based dye has an excitation maximum (Ex Max) of 407-nm and an emission maximum (Em Max) at 423-nm. Driven by BD innovation, BV421 is designed to be excited by the violet laser (405-nm) and detected using an optical filter centered near 420-nm (e.g., a 431/28-nm or 450/50-nm bandpass filter). BV421 is an ideal alternative for V450 as it is approximately ten times brighter with less spillover into the BV510/V500 detector. Please ensure that your instrument’s configurations (lasers and optical filters) are appropriate for this dye.
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BV421
Violet 405 nm
407 nm
423 nm
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Citations & References
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Development References (5)

  1. Bumol TF, Marder P, DeHerdt SV, Borowitz MJ, Apelgren LD. Characterization of the human tumor and normal tissue reactivity of the KS1/4 monoclonal antibody. Hybridoma. 1988; 7(4):407-415. (Clone-specific: Flow cytometry, Immunohistochemistry). View Reference
  2. Perez MS, Walker LE. Isolation and characterization of a cDNA encoding the KS1/4 epithelial carcinoma marker. J Immunol. 1989; 142(10):3662-3667. (Clone-specific: Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  3. Spearman ME, Goodwin RM, Apelgren LD, Bumol TF. Disposition of the monoclonal antibody-vinca alkaloid conjugate KS1/4-DAVLB (LY256787) and free 4-desacetylvinblastine in tumor-bearing nude mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1987; 241(2):695-703. (Biology). View Reference
  4. Varki NM, Reisfeld RA, Walker LE. Antigens associated with a human lung adenocarcinoma defined by monoclonal antibodies. Cancer Res. 1984; 44(2):681-687. (Immunogen: Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation). View Reference
  5. Varki NM, Reisfeld RA, Walker LE. Effect of monoclonal antibody-drug conjugates in teh in vivody growth of h uman tumors established in nude mice. In: Reisfeld R, Sell S, ed. Monoclonal Antibodies in Cancer Therapy, vol. 27. New York: Alan R Liss, Inc; 195:207.
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Global - Refer to manufacturer's instructions for use and related User Manuals and Technical data sheets before using this products as described


Comparisons, where applicable, are made against older BD Technology, manual methods or are general performance claims.  Comparisons are not made against non-BD technologies, unless otherwise noted.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.