The BM16 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD294. CD294 is encoded by PTGDR2 (Prostaglandin D2 receptor 2) and is also known as CRTH2 (chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells), GPR44 (G protein-coupled receptor 44), DL1R, and DP2. CD294 is a member of the G protein-coupled leukocyte chemoattractant receptor family. CD294 is expressed on Th2 cells and type-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), but not Th1 type cells. CD294 is detectable on CD4+ T cells in fresh PBMC but not on B cells and NK cells. CD294 is also expressed on peripheral blood basophils and eosinophils, suggesting its involvement allergic reactions. Phenotypic analysis of CD4+ T cells expressing CRTH2 demonstrated that they were also CD45RA-negative and CD45RO+ and CD25+. These cells produce Th2- but little or no Th1-type cytokines upon stimulation with PMA and Ionomycin.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV805 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 805 nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV805 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 820/60 filter and a 770LP.